overwintering rosemary, indoors and out

THIS ONE COMES UP EVERY FALL (especially from gardeners in Zones less favorable for it than 7ish): How do I keep my rosemary plant happy all winter? The answer: Cool sunshine—that rarest of indoor conditions in a heated house in the year’s darkest days, and not a guaranteed steady diet weather-wise outdoors many places, either. How to accommodate Rosmarinus officinalis, outdoors or in.  

Start with a cold-hardy cultivar if you plant to try to overwinter rosemary in the ground in other than a truly frost-free hardiness zone. ‘Arp’ is the best known, along with ‘Hill Hardy’ (also known as ‘Madalene Hill’ after the late herb gardener from Texas; ‘Arp’ was her discovery, by the way, the result of her search for plants that could take not extremes of cold but the Texas heat). Oregon-based Nichols Garden Nursery’s owner touts ‘Nichols Select’ as being a toughie, too.

It’s “as hardy as any I’ve grown, probably Zone 6B, and the flavor is terrific,” Rose Marie Nichols McGee in an interview one spring. “It was planted 25 years ago at our home and survived minus-7 degrees F once. I think this is your best for a long-lived rosemary.”

The U.S. National Arboretum website trialed many cultivars, and how they fare on all scores. Even in USDA Zone 7A, the gardeners there take the precautionary measure of taking cuttings from the collection, in case winter causes havoc that cannot be anticipated with the herb-garden inhabitants. (I pinch or prune my rosemary back a bit–not to start cuttings, but to freeze the delicious sprigs for use in winter like this, and keep the plant tighter.)

Proper location and care will help keep the well-chosen plant happy. Nichols McGee advises “helping it along with some lime or bone meal worked into the soil and provide good drainage,” and planting rosemary in a well-drained position with six hours a day or more of direct or very slightly filtered sunlight. Many Zone 6ish Northerners optimistically try one of those extra-hardy cultivars planted in a sheltered spot, such as by a wall, and then mulch heavily after frost.

“What is hardest on our woody plants, including rosemary,” she adds, “is wet soil followed by temps that drop way down near zero then warm and drop again with considerable frost heaving.” In her Pacific Northwest location, she says they don’t mulch around the trunk and root zone, “but do make generous use of garden blankets, throwing one or two layers over plants we’re worried about.”

For container-grown plants, she says, whenever temps are going down to the low 20s all rosemary will benefit from protection. “If you have a garage or cool porch, pull your plant into this sheltered area until the harsh cold passes (which might be all winter in the colder zones; make sure the garage or porch will stay a safe temp throughout the needed timespan). Move it back to its regular position when temperatures moderate.”

So what if there is no such spot, if even with a temporary garden blanket it’s just too tough outside where you live? Here’s where the “cool sunshine” trick really gets tricky. You’ll be looking for a spot near a sunny, southern window (west might also work), where the temperature is around 50 to 60 degrees.  My mudroom is right, I think, so that’s what I will try—but many of us don’t have enough light in winter. Think about adding a supplemental plant light–which can really help with many tender things that keep their leaves year-round like rosemary. We’ve all seen rosemary and other evergreens being tortured indoors with too little light get all stretched out, or etiolated.

Have a rosemary in the ground that you fear should have been in a pot, so it could come indoors? A third option would have been to dig it and pot it up for the winter, but that’s best done around Labor Day, to give the plant a chance to adapt to its new tight quarters before the added shock of indoor life begins. A very fast-draining mixture–perhaps with a few inches of gravel at the bottom of a generous-sized pot for added insurance–is best.

Very important: Don’t overwater. Remember, no wet feet, especially in winter—whether that’s inside or out, in a pot or in the ground. And again: Freeze some sprigs, just in case.

  1. Alejandro says:

    There’s a Rosemary (Madelline Hill) that’s hardy up to zone 6, at least according to the guys of Digging Dog .I’m in zone 5b. I’ll give it a try this winter and let you know…

  2. Brian G. says:

    Do you suppose this would work with my little bay laurel? I just dug it up and potted it today to spend the winter with me in my apartment. I only have an eastern facing window but it is a very chilly spot all winter.

    1. Lori says:

      We have a 5 foot bay tree we put in the garage all winter. We are zone 6. It does fine with minimal light all winter and barely there watering.

  3. This post is so timely! I’ve been looking for words of wisdom on this subject! I just planted a mature rosemary plant this summer in a planter’s box, and I’m hoping for the best this winter! Just one question, how does the blanket thing work? How do they get sun if they’re covered in blankets?

    1. JCB says:

      There are plant blankets for sale that let in light and air; sometimes they are called row covers. Ask at garden centers or look on line.

  4. Reed says:

    Brian, I winter my bay laurel right alongside the rosemary in a room with east facing windows. The cool season temperature in there is generally mid-60s. Does great.

  5. I am going to try outdoor overwintering my rosemary this year… it will be the first time I try this, but since the rosemary I overwintered inside died last year, what do I have to lose and it may survive the cold :) Luckily is it in spot where it will get a lot of sun even through the winter, so wish me luck!

  6. Carol says:

    My rosemary looks very happy in a raised bed outside facing east in zone 8. This will be its third winter. I just leave it in that spot next to the house. We get plenty of rain here in western Oregon and last winter the temperature was at least as low as 30 degrees for short periods. I find it to be tougher than most of you seem to think.


  7. Carol says:

    I just checked my records and the rosemary I have is an offshoot of ‘prostratus’ called ‘Irene’ which was found in California a few years ago. It has large blue-violet flowers and looks lovely cascading over a wall. It is flowering right now and is so striking I am thinking of putting a couple of them along my retaining wall in the front of the house next spring.


  8. LaRieta says:

    My Rosemary is in a raised flower bed next to my sage plant in Texas.
    They were not watered well , sorry to say ( I was away traveling.)
    they are beautiful..bushy and smell great now that I’m home and giving them love and water. smiles)))
    Wish I could say the same for my California Poppy …
    the seeds came up but they are all gone this morning…
    Anybody grow Poppy ?

  9. Sara B says:

    When I’ve had rosemary inside for the winter, I’ve gotten it to about March looking great and then all of a sudden it dries out and dies. I’ve kind of given up on it.

  10. Bernie Zimmerman says:

    I have tried at least 3 times to dig up my rosemary plant, but unfortunately each time it dries up & dies in the house. When left out in Erie’s Pa. zone 5 it freezes. It is now October’s end & I see it out my window. I’ve cut some to bring in & dry for cooking. But my heart is breaking knowing it will probably die over winter. What type of blanket can i use? Will thick leaf mulch work?

  11. Liz Davey says:

    I have rosemary in a bed near the house. I use a cellar window plastic cover pushed up against the house and held down with rocks to make a mini greenhouse over my rosemary. It has worked here in MA most years and only fails if there is an extreme cold spell and the cover has blown loose.

  12. Sharon says:

    Liz, I love your idea but what about the ground freeze in MA? What’s your zone?
    I’m thinking you must have a hardy variety. I propagated by cuttings this year and was so pleased with my accomplishment but now I have to figure out how to keep them alive during the winter. I’m in CT zone 6.

  13. Linda Gribko says:

    I’m in Zone 6A but the winters are variable with strong Arctic blasts. Have not had luck in the past leaving the rosemary outside, so am trying it inside again this year. I have it in a cool room under a plant light, but I wonder about humidity because I heat with a pellet stove. Would the rosemary do well on a humidity tray of damp pebbles or does that invite wet feet?

    Thanks very much for your very detailed articles. They are always packed with info, but still an easy and fun read.

    1. Ginny says:

      linda. I always bring in my Rosemary plants every winter and put them back in the ground in the spring. I think the secret is putting them under the shower once a month or so. They always come out smiling!

          1. margaret says:

            I try to take the edge off a bit if I’m showering it indoors since my well is very deep and cold, but outdoors in season there’s no adjusting the temp–no mixer of hot and cold out there at the tap. I wouldn’t worry as long as not near-ice or actually hot–neither extreme, I mean.

  14. julie rubaud says:

    Spraying the foliage with water regularly throughout the winter helps as well. I always think about trying to recreate a San Fransisco winter for the rosemary. Foggy, cool, not too bright. And letting the soil dry out well between waterings is key – I never water my indoor rosemary more than once every 10 days or so, but I spray it almost every day. It hates dry heat, like a wood stove, in winter, even though it loves dry heat in summer, outdoors.

  15. Sharon says:

    I’ve brought beautiful rosemary plants in patio pots indoors a number of times. But forced air heat – even with humidifiers, and too many gray days for too long a winter here near Chicago have defeated my best efforts. The growth becomes spindly and dry, and too often whitefly infests the plant. For several years I have just bitten the bullet and bought a new plant each spring – an expensive solution for our short summers that I skipped this year when I didn’t find an attractive plant. My bay tree does just fine, as does my kaffir lime most years, but rosemary has needed more than my gardening skills can provide.

  16. Sophia Bielenberg says:

    I’ve had good success growing rosemary indoors during our Vermont winters. The keys I find work well: 1) don’t overwater – use a small pot and lighter soil like Fort Vee Light or something a little sandier to ensure good drainage, 2) place in the brightest light you have, 3) place a dish with stones under the plant and fill with water to keep the air around the plant moist and 4) MIST with water every few days! A sink sprayer or spray bottle works fine. But the dry air created by the wood stove is simply too intense for rosemary. Dry feet, moist air is what rosemary seems to like…as soon as you see the white undersides of the leaves turning over, it’s time to mist, or your rosemary’s days are numbered…

  17. Barbara says:

    I never had any luck with wintering over a rosemary in the house – death by March! Outdoors in the herb garden they never made it either. One year, in desperation, I planted my rosemary on the south corner of my house with foundation on 2 sides -north and east. It has not only survived about eight winters in that spot, it has flourished and turned into a shrub!

  18. Susan Behrman says:

    I live in zone 4-5 so rosemary will not overwinter outdoors for me. But indoors, I have had success for many years with a prostrate (trailing) rosemary in a deep, narrow pot, kept in an unused (barely heated) guest room in a bright west facing window. I water only when the soil is very dry (actually more like when I finally remember the poor thing!). For some reason, I think the deep pot is part of the success, having not had the same results with shallower pots. And I have also had no success with the more upright varieties of rosemary. Our air is very dry, but as long as the temp is less than 65F, that has not been a problem.

    1. margaret says:

      Thanks for your secret to success, Susan. I keep mine cool and pretty dry, too — but I haven’t tried the prostrate type. Interesting!

  19. Marianne Reynolds says:

    I have a bed of trailing Rosemary in a rock garden. After replanting it twice, I started covering it during the winter with a light weight cloud blanket from the nursery. I weigh it down with rocks. I live in Washington State and have been told it is the rain that ruined the Rosemary, as it doesn’t like wet feet. Whether it is the frost or the rain, I now have beautiful Rosemary in the Spring when I uncover it.

  20. Cathy says:

    Hate to say it but I’ve left mine out for 3 years in a raised bed facing east and its strong and healthy–right between chives and sage. No blankets, nothing. I’m grateful for sure

  21. Suzanne says:

    When your Rosemary appears to “dry out” indoors in the winter, it is often due to mites. Misting it regularly will help repel them.

  22. Lisa says:

    I have a rosemary I bring in and out in southern VT. It is at least 6 years old, maybe more. It is in a southern slider door window in the winter with about 5 hrs of direct sun but we have radiator heat and the radiator is not nearby. We enjoy a cool house, stays about 62 all winter but is probably cooler right next to the slider. It is a happy tree like plant (maybe 3 feet tall) and flowers several times a year! I am not a good indoor gardener – I water about 1x a week and it has no special dirt or care. It might have aphids/scale on it but they aren’t gaining purchase or affecting the plant that I can see. it summers out on the deck, very close to the slider where it winters.
    I’d share a pic if I could!

    1. margaret says:

      You have just the right combination of factors. Lucky you! Most of us are just too warm/dry indoors. And you are smart not to water too much, too.

  23. Ken says:

    We’re on the NJ/NY border and will be attempting to overwinter in an unheated greenhouse @ my father’s place. I’ll post results!

  24. Susan says:

    I don’t have the right indoor conditions to overwinter rosemary so last year I kept my “Arp” in the ground. I wrapped it in row cover and then burlap, plus a ton of chopped leaves at the base. Miraculously it survived a zone 5A winter! It definitely looked pathetic in early spring but was full and healthy by mid-summer. Figure I’ll try that again—nothing to lose!

  25. Matthew says:

    I have always tried to overwinter potted Rosemary for years, never had any luck. I live in southwestern PA. This past winter we moved and have a three season porch. Nice light. Rather dry. Went well this this time. A bit tall, plan on clipping the plant in about a week, after it greens up a bit more. Any other advice?

    1. margaret says:

      This winter I did my best ever with a pot of it in a shed with a skylight — so not super bright but some light — with the heat at about 45 degrees. I watered it maybe twice all winter, so it mostly was just resting — not growing at all. It didn’t even stretch!

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