Re: Garlic and Onions
Garlic is supposed to sprout in the fall. The leaves will photosynthesize and this will give it added energy to produce a larger bulb.
Did you plant onion seeds or onion sets? Onion sets should only be planted in the spring. This is because onions are biennials. The first year they produce a large bulb. The second year of growth they use the energy stored in the bulb to produce a flower. When they are planted in the fall and begin to grow they consider this the ‘first year’. When the weather gets colder they will go dormant. In spring when they begin to grow again they will act as two-year old plants and go straight into flowering rather than forming a bulb.
In warmer climates onion seeds are planted in the fall. Here is a fact sheet about planting onions from seed from Texas AMU.