peppers: short and sweet, or feeling spicy?

IHAVE HAD A ROW OF TINY HOT PEPPERS PINNED to my wall for years, just under the primitive still life of fruit over the dining table. I don’t know what got me started turning chiles into pin-ups, but it’s a habit that has stuck (tee hee), and every so often one becomes the zip in a pot of wintertime chili—or the start of next year’s pepper plants. The topic is…you guessed it: Capsicum annuum. Are you feeling sweet, or spicy?

Those are my faded little hot chiles (above), in case you think I’m kidding. I’ll replace them with a new shiny red set this fall, promise.

STUFFED PEPPERS (with Uncle Ben’s, chop meat, onion, Parmesan) were a staple of growing-up years, baked in Mom’s deep Pyrex casserole dish with V-8 juice as the liquid. So 1960s—and so easy and filling, right? (These days I skip the meat and use brown rice, plus pine nuts, onions and raisins, with my own tomato sauce thinned-down as the juice.)

But my go-to pepper dish is appetizer, not main: simple oven-roasted peppers that make a bowl of olives and some bread and cheese a lot more colorful, and delicious.

sugary oven-roasted peppers

Bell or Italian sweet (frying) peppers, fully ripe; assorted colors
Olive oil
Dried basil flakes
Grated Parmesan cheese (optional)
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Halve and core the peppers, removing white membranes, then cut each half into two or three wedges, depending on each fruit’s size.

Toss pepper sections in enough olive oil to coat well, and lightly coat the pan, too. Place pieces skin side down on a baking sheet and sprinkle with basil flakes. Bake until skin starts to blister and brown, then turn.

I often turn these a couple of times until the peppers get all delightfully limp and nearly caramelize.

While still warm, dust with the grated cheese (or if you prefer, skip it, and adorn later with a little chevre instead, or nothing at all).

Serve with thin rounds of lightly toasted baquette, on crackers, on sandwiches—or just between your fingers. Ultrasweet, ultra-colorful. Can be frozen, layered with plastic wrap, in containers.

freezing the harvest

SPEAKING OF FREEZING: Peppers (especially organic ones, yikes!) can be wildly expensive in winter, so while they’re plentiful, think about putting some away for use in recipes like soups, stews and chili. It’s easy:

Simply wash and core the peppers, removing the seeds and the white membranes inside, and patting dry. Either put just enough for an average recipe in each small container (rather then having to defrost a giant brick) or better yet, do this extra step:

Pre-freeze your halves or slices loose on baking sheets, then once frozen, remove from the sheet and stash in freezer bags. Produce that’s pre-frozen in pieces before packing into containers is easier to separate, when only a small amount is wanted.

(19th Century Japanese watercolor of hot peppers from Library of Congress.)

trouble growing peppers?

  • Healthy green plants, but no fruit: Cold in the early going may weaken plants, or more commonly heat later on (particularly hot, dry nights above 75, or days in the 90s) can prevent fruit set.
  • Fruit with shrunken, dark end: Blossom end rot is more common in tomatoes, but can affect peppers, too. Read about it here.
  • Pepper-growing FAQs: I love Texas A&M’s plant-growing FAQs, including this one on peppers. No frills, but wow, the information.
  1. Linda says:

    I’ll definitely be trying this recipe, Margaret – sounds wonderful.

    We always get more peppers than we can use at once. I share some, and like you, freeze a alot of them, and dry the hotties. We usually have enough frozen and dried to last until the next harvest. I even use frozen ones in salads.

    Our peppers are in a Grow Box in our sunny front foundation landscape this year.

  2. Gayla Templeton says:

    No peppers on the plants in Kansas this hot hot summer. We planted 6 kinds even the naughty ones and there they sit waiting for cooler weather. Just the last few days we had some under 100 temps so maybe some will set. Loads of tiny white blooms but they are not supposed to be our ornamental. This is a summer not soon forgotten.

  3. Diane Du Brule says:

    We find (to our surprise actually) that we are growing the super-hot Fatali peppers this year. They are beautiful. Anyone have a good hot sauce recipe?

  4. Kate says:

    I get overwhelmed by produce management at this time of year and just toss my hot peppers into a bag marked 2019 as they become ripe. During the winter I’ll break off a chunk, rinse under warm water and remove the seeds at that point. They’re pretty mushy, but the flavor/ heat is still fantastic.

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