The answer to this is yes, and no, like so much of gardening. When bulbs are finished, they like to ripen their foliage (meaning you leave it intact until it withers, which restores the underlying bulb and feeds it for next year), which can make it hard to work around.
How big are these containers, and what kind of bulbs? Also, where are you located (what climate)?
The other issue: Bulbs generally like to be on the dry side in the summer, once their foliage dies back, so pots full of other things that are getting watered a lot can also be a little tricky. Though they always get whatever rain that falls, they don’t want to be doused daily in an ideal world.
Those two points said, if the pots are large, and you can work around the ripening foliage, it’s worth a try. Certain really tough bulbs will cooperate; others will sulk. In large whiskey barrels, for example, you’d do fine.