finally! learning how to make vegetable soup

LIKE THE BEST RECIPES, it’s a hand-me-down, delivered in the best oral tradition: told to me over a meal, and recorded on a paper napkin. At breakfast with my old friend Irene Sax recently—a longtime food writer, and my former “Newsday” colleague—I was panicking about my late-summer vegetable glut, and she said: “Vegetable soup. I make it all the time, freeze it, and eat it every day for lunch.” And then I realized: I don’t know how to make proper vegetable soup. Or didn’t, until then. The extra-easy recipe.

Yes, of course I make vegetable soups: onion soup, split pea, lentil, sweet potato-greens, carrot-ginger, and so on. But a less-specific catch-all “vegetable soup” wasn’t in my repertory. Irene (who co-wrote “Beard on Pasta” with James Beard, and now teaches food writing at NYU) fixed that.

Irene’s Vegetable Soup, My Way

(I say “my way” because the “recipe” on that napkin didn’t actually give proportions of anything, just, “diced onions, celery, carrots…” and because Irene says, “zucchini doesn’t add much to the mix” so she skips it. Me? I’m looking for ways to use up my summer-squash harvest at the moment. When I showed her the photo, Irene said, “Mine is redder,” meaning more tomatoes, and that’s the point: Balance the “recipe” according to your taste, and the garden’s offerings.)


  • Olive oil
  • 2 or 3 medium onions, diced
  • 3 cloves of garlic, chopped
  • 3 or 4 carrots, diced (about half a typical bag)
  • 3 or 4 celery stalks, chopped
  • Broccoli or cauliflower, about 2 cups chopped small
  • Kale or chard or collards or a mix, maybe 6 big leaves, stems removed and foliage chopped
  • Summer squash, 1-2 cups diced
  • Shell beans, such as cannellini or chick peas (1-2 cups, pre-cooked)
  • Tomatoes, ripe raw ones, or large can of whole plum types
  • Parsley and basil, chopped, to taste
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
  • Water
  • Green beans, fresh (cut up if large)


  1. Into a large pot (such as for boiling spaghetti, or a deeper stockpot) pour enough olive oil to saute onions and garlic.
  2. When the alliums are translucent, add carrots and celery, and cook until just tender.
  3. Add diced zucchini next, then broccoli, covering to allow them to cook slightly.
  4. When squash is tender, add leafy greens and herbs; cover briefly to let them wilt.
  5. Add tomatoes and pre-cooked garbanzos or cannellini beans, cover again.
  6. When tomatoes start to soften, add water to cover the entire mixture plus about a half-inch, cover the pot to bring to a boil, then reduce heat and let simmer. (I underdo the water because I can always dilute the broth later, but freezer space is precious.)
  7. The soup will be done when it looks and tastes done—an hour or a couple of hours, your call. When it is almost there, I add the green beans for the final 15 or 30 minutes of cooking time, along with some salt and pepper and extra water to cover them if needed. No surprise: Irene adds her green beans earlier. What will your variation be?


WHEN SERVING, add some or all of these. Served with good bread, it’s a meal. I like mine with:

  • a dollop of pesto
  • grated parmesan cheese
  • a drizzle of good-quality olive oil
  • slightly undercooked pasta (add it when reheating; don’t let it sit in the soup)
  • more beans; garbanzos really are delightful in this soup
  • a crostini (toasted bread with cheese, perhaps, or spread with the pesto), sort of a giant crouton


September 24, 2012


  1. Elizabeth says

    We make vegetable soup with whatever is handy, though carrots, potatoes, onions , celery and garlic would always be in there. I use a quart of my canned tomato juice and vegetable boullion (I like Telma brand vegetable boullion from Israel.) We do not cook any where as long as 2 hours. I like some barley or orzo in it, never beans as am not making minnestrone. Also never broccoli. Cauliflower is OK, so is cabbage, corn, green beans, sweet potato, yellow summer squash, zucchini, parsley, rutabaga. This soup cooks fast enough to make when get home from work. Start the barley in the broth, when that is almost done add the tomato and whatever other vegetables. Add fresh or frozen peas at the very last. If youj have spinach leaves throw that in at the end also. I like the vegetables tender crisp, not over cooked. They should still be bright and colorful, like eating a stir fry that is a soup. I never freeze the leftovers, we take to work for lunch, have a another time for dinner.

    Someone asked what not to use…red cabbage will turn your soup blu-ish. That’s all I can think of.

  2. Chris Nicholson says

    Your soup was great on Friday night! We’ll have it again this evening (Sunday) and then for meal three I’ll add more chard and maybe kernels from one ear of corn. Round 4 will get some grated beets which have to wait for the last round which will have a scoop of yogurt on top. Yum, yum. Chris N.

    • says

      Hi, Chris. Great news! It’s fun how each batch or serving becomes a variation. I just got a small extra freezer on sale this last week to stash more of it before the garden’s gone.

  3. Jan says

    Since I recently had knee surgery and couldnt stand for long, so I sautéed the onion and garlic first, but then just dumped everything else in the pot. Instead of water I poured in two 11.5 oz. cans of V8 juice, then added 3 cubes of beef bullion. I live in a small town and had to substitute fresh spinach for the Swiss chard. This was the richest, most delicious vegetable soup I’ve ever eaten. Accompanied by corn muffins, this was the perfect fall meal. Thanks!

  4. Christina says

    Thanks for the inspiration…made a nice big pot of veggie soup over the weekend! A trip to the farmers market and used up lots of things lingering in the fridge/freezer. And enjoyed again for lunch today at work.

  5. Eileen J says

    Soup! It is what my family lives on in all but the hottest summer months. When busy teenagers who come and go constantly, mealtimes can be tricky, but if there is a big pot of soup in the fridge, and some quality bread or crackers in the cupboard, there is always a nutritious meal waiting. I’m looking forward to cooler weather when I’ll resume making two pots of soup every weekend, which sustains us through the week. Soup is a fantastic way to get kale into people.

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